A headlight is an optical tool mounted in the nose of a vehicle (attached to the engine’s battery) that helps drivers see the road at night and in inclement weather by illuminating the vehicle’s surroundings.
Its role is to assist the engine run more efficiently by generating light in the region around the engine. This lets the machine detect and avoid impediments in its path.
The headlight also functions as a warning light to other drivers, informing them that the engine is running and that they should proceed with caution.
Different Types of Headlights
The three most common varieties of headlight bulbs include:
- Halogen (life expectancy of 2000 hours)
- Xenon/HID (life expectancy of 10,000 hours),
- LED (life expectancy of 30,000 hours).
Headlights are normally required to emit white light, although certain countries allow for selective yellow emission.
Modes of Headlights
Modern headlights are electrically powered and installed in pairs, one or two on each side of a vehicle’s front end. An illumination mechanism is essential to provide a low or high beam that can be produced by several sets of monolights, a set of dual lights, or even perhaps a mix of the two.
Low beams, also known as dipped beams, passing beams, or meeting beams, offer a light distribution meant to deliver forward and lateral lighting. The primary purpose of low-beam headlights is to provide good visibility on the road without causing glare for other drivers. Low beam headlights are usually dimmer than high-beam headlights.
High beams, sometimes known as main beams, driving beams, or full beams, offer a powerful center-weighted distribution of light with no control over light directed towards the eyes of other road users.
Before purchasing a headlight for your vehicle, you should check the construction standards that are permitted in your country. Currently, the world uses two standards. The United States requires SAE grade headlights while the rest of the industrialized countries permit ECE grade headlights.
The primary distinction between the two standards is the extent of glaring allowed on low beams in the direction of other drivers. In addition, SAE requires that the low beam cutoff angle be defined by a line two times the distance from the lamp to the ground at the point where the beam achieves its minimum light level, whereas ECE demands a line four times the distance.
How to Install Headlights on Your Car?
Installing headlights on a car is pretty straightforward, and you don’t need to take your car to a mechanic for this. In three easy steps, you will be able to install headlights on your own.
Locate the Headlight Holder
You can find your car’s headlight bulbs on the way to the engine block. First, raise the bonnet and check for said headlight near the front of the vehicle. You will find it placed in a bulb socket, with a power connector (typically three wires) attached.
Remove the Power Wires
In your car, the electric wires are linked to a connection at the headlight’s base. Depending on the make and car model, they are fixed in position by a polymer hook, a metallic clamp, or a screw top.
Slide the small handle down towards the very top of the polymer hook while removing the plug. If you have to work with a metallic clamp, yank it upwards away from you while holding a tight grip on it. And if you have to work with a screw top, unscrew it by twisting the top anti-clockwise.
Install the Bulb
You should either use tissues or a pair of gloves while handling the replacement bulb to prevent skin oils from getting on it. You also need to clean the bulb with alcohol before installing it thoroughly.
If it’s properly placed, no rubber gasket from the bulb will be exposed. After you have finished installing the bulb, reconnect the electricity and reinstall the headlight unit.
Guidelines for Using Headlights Properly
According to the highway code, “you need to use headlights when vision is substantially reduced,” with “substantially reduced” outlined as being less than 100 meters in front of you. This indicates that you must use the dipped headlight while:
- Visibility is hampered by rough weather
- Moving through the fog without fog lights
- Another vehicle is less than 500 feet away from yours.
- A daylight segment is indicated by road markings
High beams can be used on dark roads with little congestion. If there is no illumination, high beams can assist drivers in seeing further along the road. It also prevents the drivers from injuring animals, and people, or crashing into debris. You should activate the high beams while on:
- The countryside or mountain passes
- Empty highways while no other cars are approaching
- Roads and lanes without illumination
It is important to keep your headlights functioning properly by using compatible headlights and maintaining them. There are many different vehicle headlight companies, and it can be difficult to decide which one to purchase from. Your local auto parts store should be able to match a bulb with your make and model.